This article is a part of series of IELTS essays written purely for educational purposes. What I mean is that opinions discussed here may not reflect my own views.

These days many of us prefer to throw damaged things away, whereas in the past people used to repair damaged items and keep them for a long time. Explain why you think this change has happened. What are the effects of this change in attitude?

In the modern world, many people prefer disposing of broken material things to repairing them to continue using them. This may have happened because goods become cheaper and it costs more to repair them than buy a new one, and this results in environmental issues.

These days the cost of production for the majority of goods has significantly reduced compared to the past. The reason for this is that everything, from home shoes to supercomputers, is manufactured in huge quantities, and many production steps are automated. In contrast, fixing things requires expensive human labor and therefore is not always the most favorable solution. For example, replacing a broken CPU or memory chip in an average smartphone would cost way more than buying a new device, because it requires expensive equipment and days of work of a skilled engineer.

The inefficiency causes more waste being generated. As it is easier to throw out a broken down gadget or any other sort of possession, these things end up in a trash bin. Unfortunately, not every piece of modern equipment can be recycled properly, and this hardware eventually causes harm to the environment. For example, there is no technology of disposing of mercury batteries other than sealing them in a container and burying it underground. To make matters worse, in many countries people have no environmentally friendly technologies for processing even plastic or metals.

To conclude, the cheaper the goods get, the less cost-effective it becomes to repair them and more waste is generated. It is recommended that consumers should make purchases wisely and try to reuse items they already own.